Donald Trump announced yesterday a resumption of tariffs on Brazilian and Argentinian Steel and Aluminium, causing some unease in the market just when it seemed tariffs were being reduced. The typical market reaction to increased obstacles to trade - which are likely to slow global growth - is an appreciation in the Dollar. Given that the Greenback is near the top of its range and the effect of these tariffs is hard to quantify, the effect was muted.
Later in the afternoon, US ISM Manufacturing Purchasing Manager Index came out worse than anticipated, continuing a trend of deterioration in that sector of the US economy. This is hardly news given the prolonged trade dispute uncertainty, but more surprisingly the Dollar sold off in a way that is rather uncharacteristic. One potential explanation might be that Fed Chairman Jerome Powell’s recent upbeat message was taken to presage an uplift in all the US sectors. Having failed to materialise in this data point, perhaps the Fed might be more disposed to loosen policy than the various Fed speaker statements had suggested. Given the stronger emphasis on data dependence – the Fed will react to data rather than forecasting outcomes – this view would seem to hold some water.
This morning, the President proposed tariffs on $2.4bn of French products in retaliation for the recent tax on digital revenue, which has disproportionately impacted US firms like Google, Amazon and Facebook. Again, this was somewhat expected given the rhetoric prior to the digital tax’s passage, but it does mean any potential rollback in Chinese tariffs is not the end of the story. It’s clear the administration favours this policy tool and is unlikely to change its approach based on some softer economic data. If the imposition of new tariffs results in further market weakness that is not checked by the Fed, you can expect the President to renew his attacks on Fed independence.
Bottom Line: Based on these new announcements, the prospect of a return to growth next year seems somewhat diminished as the China trade dispute is replaced by an EU trade dispute. Perhaps worse, a phase one deal is not a foregone conclusion so we could end up with a broader conflict instead of détente. Whatever prevails, an improvement in US manufacturing seems an uphill battle. The recent Dollar depreciation still seems peculiar; when all of this adds up to prolonged uncertainty, the classic formula has always been to pile into Dollar Assets. The recent change in this dynamic certainly piques our interest.
Yesterday, the pair failed to indicate a bias in either direction as both the Sterling and Dollar trade weighted indexes declined throughout the day. A new opinion poll showed that the Conservatives lead over the Labour party had widened, which has supported Sterling into this morning’s session. Dollar weakness was exacerbated by comments from President Trump about potential metals tariffs on Brazil and Argentina along with uncertainty over US-China trade talks.
A gain in the Euro’s trade weighted index meant that the pair briefly dropped below the 1.17 handle overnight but has recovered back to the low 1.17’s interbank level this morning. On a yearly chart, the currency cross remains above all standard moving averages and continues in its upward trend channel, awaiting clarity on the UK’s political situation.
The Euro gained almost a cent against the Greenback during yesterday’s session, defying the low volatility environment of recent months. This was the biggest daily move since mid-September and was aided by the poor US ISM Manufacturing PMI figure for November. The common currency also benefitted from Christine Lagarde’s testimony to the European Parliament as she refrained from any dovishness.